Singapore total annual final energy consumption in 2013 is 45TWh. This represents a Compound annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 3% compared to the 35.5TWh energy consumption in 2005. Today, buildings (commercial and residential) consume about 52% of Singapore’s electricity production.
Buildings-related targets include: 80% of all buildings are to be BCA Green Mark certified by 2030. Current rate is 22% (2013). Energy intensity improvement from 2005 levels: 35%. Current rate: 22% (2012). Energy intensity defined as energy consumption per Dollar GDP.
The national target is to reduce GHG emissions by 7 to 11% below 2020 BAU levels. To achieve this, a series of mitigation measures include:
· Tighten Minimum Energy Performance Standard (MEPS) for household air-conditioners and refrigerators, extend MEPS to lighting and more appliances.
· Require Green Mark Certification for all new buildings and for existing buildings when retrofitted.
· Audit of building cooling systems every 3 years, and submit energy consumption and energy-related building data.